Connecting Communities

Santa Barbara Botanic Garden as fiscal agent, lead sponsor Bureau of Ocean and Energy Management

2018: Proceedings of the Ninth California Islands Symposium

Edited by M.C. Belk and J. Auger, Western North American Naturalist

With financial support from: The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, the Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, The Nature Conservancy, the National Park Service, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, California State University Channel Islands, Institute for Wildlife Studies, Catalina Island Conservancy, the U.S. Navy, Smithsonian Institution, Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary, UCSB Santa Cruz Island Reserve, the Santa Barbara Zoo, Wildlands Conservation Science, Island Packers, Aquasports, Channel Islands Restoration, Growing Solutions, Ocean Science Trust, and REI. Proceedings funded by: The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management.

Steering Committee: Julie Bursek (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), Christie Boser (Co-chair: TNC), Ann Bull (Bureau of Ocean and Energy Management), Amy Catalano (Catalina Island Conservancy), Cause Hanna (Santa Rosa Island Research Station, CSU Channel Islands), Laura Kirn (National Park Service), Denise Knapp (Co-chair: Santa Barbara Botanic Garden), John Knapp (TNC), Kate Faulkner (retired National Park Service), Annie Little (Co-chair: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service), Paula Power (retired National Park Service), T. Scott Sillett (Smithsonian Institution), Peter Sharpe (Institute for Wildlife Studies), and John Ugoretz (U.S. Navy).

With editorial and publishing support from E. Arthur Bettis III (University of Iowa), Michael A. Glassow (UC Santa Barbara), David A. Holway (UC San Diego), William K. Laurenroth (Yale University), Daniel R. Muhs (U.S. Geological Survey), C. Riley Nelson (Brigham Young University), John M. Randall (The Nature Conservancy), T. Scott Sillett (Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute), and Morgan Baker (Western North American Naturalist).



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Boser, C. L., K. Merrill, R. N. Fisher, I. Naughton, and D. A. Holway. 2018a. The Introduced Argentine Ant (Linepithema humile) on the California Channel Islands: Distribution and Patterns of Spread. Western North American Naturalist 78:820–828.

Boser, C. L., T. S. Sillett, P. W. Collins, K. R. Faulkner, W. C. Funk, C. K. Ghalambor, L. Laughrin, G. B. Pauly, J. M. Robertson, R. Shea, and W. Vickers. 2018b. Equipping Tomorrow’s Historical Ecologist: Priorities for Documenting Conditions of the Terrestrial Fauna of Santa Cruz Island, California. Western North American Naturalist 78:879–887.

Brown, P. E., and W. E. Rainey. 2018. Bats of the California Channel Islands: new records with new methods. Western North American Naturalist 78:474–495.

Carter, B. E., and C. M. Guilliams. 2018. Biogeographic patterns among seed-bearing and spore-bearing plants across the California Channel Islands. Western North American Naturalist 78:699–710.

Carter, H. R., W. R. McIver, G. J. McChesney, D. L. Whitworth, and J. R. Gilardi. 2018. Status of Ashy Storm-Petrel breeding colonies at Santa Cruz Island, California, 1912–1998. Western North American Naturalist 78:404–420.

Collins, P. W., J. M. Erlandson, D. A. Guthrie, E. L. Whistler, and R. L. Vellanoweth. 2018. Terminal Pleistocene–Holocene Avifauna of San Miguel and Santa Rosa Islands: Identifications of Previously Unidentified Avian Remains Recovered from Fossil Sites and Prehistoric Cave Deposits. Western North American Naturalist 78:370-403–34.

Dixon, P. J. 2018. Assessment of Topsoil Salvage and Seed Augmentation in the Restoration of Coastal Sage Scrub on Santa Catalina Island, California. Western North American Naturalist 78:711–721.

Drost, C. A., G. M. Fellers, T. G. Murphey, P. M. Kleeman, B. J. Halstead, and R. P. O’Donnell. 2018a. Distribution, habitat, and population size of Island Night Lizards on San Nicolas Island, California. Western North American Naturalist 78:358–369.

Drost, C. A., J. C. Nekola, B. Roth, and T. A. Pearce. 2018b. Land mollusks of the California Channel Islands: an overview of diversity, populations, and conservation status. Western North American Naturalist 78:799–810.

Faulkner, K. R. 2017. Bringing Santa Rosa Island into Channel Islands National Park: The Written Documents 1979–1987. Western North American Naturalist 78:930–941.

Fujita, H., and A. F. Ainis. 2018. Traditions of early human groups in Baja California and possible routes for the peopling of the peninsula. Western North American Naturalist 78:285–301.

Gelpi, C. 2018. Chlorophyll Dynamics Around the Southern Channel Islands. Western North American Naturalist 78:590–604.

Glassow, M. A. 2018. Prehistoric shellfish utilization and settlement systems on western Santa Cruz Island. Western North American Naturalist 78:271–284.

Gleason, M. G., J. E. Caselle, C. Caldow, R. Galipeau, W. Heady, C. Laverty, A. Little, D. Mazurkiewicz, E. O’Byrne, D. Rosen, and S. Whitaker. 2018. Horizon Scanning: Survey and Research Priorities for Coastal and Marine Systems of the Northern Channel Islands, California. Western North American Naturalist 78:864–878.

Graham, S., B. Hong, S. Mutschler, B. Saunders, and J. Bredvik. 2018. Changes in Abundance of Silvetia compressa at San Clemente Island before and during the 2015–2016 El Niño. Western North American Naturalist 78:605–616.

Hoyer, W., J. Knapp, D. Knapp, D. Mazurkiewicz, K. Owen, L. Luna-Mendoza, and K. McEachern. 2018. Islas de las Californias, Colaboración Botánica: Islands of the Californias Botanical Collaborative. Western North American Naturalist 78:902–909.

Jazwa, C. S., and K. N. Johnson. 2018. Erosion of coastal archaeological sites on Santa Rosa Island, California. Western North American Naturalist 78:302–327.

Junak, S., and R. Philbrick. 2018. The Flowering Plants and Ferns of Anacapa Island, California. Western North American Naturalist 78:652–673.

Kenner, M. C., and M. T. Tinker. 2018. Stability and Change in Kelp Forest Habitats at San Nicolas Island. Western North American Naturalist 78:633–643.

Longcore, T., N. Noujdina, and P. J. Dixon. 2018. Landscape Modeling of the Potential Natural Vegetation of Santa Catalina Island, California. Western North American Naturalist 78:617–632.

Matos, J., A. Little, K. Broome, E. Kennedy, F. A. Méndez Sánchez, M. Latofski-Robles, R. Irvine, C. Gill, A. Espinoza, G. Howald, K. Olthof, M. Ball, and C. L. Boser. 2018. Connecting Island communities on a global scale: Case studies in island biosecurity. Western North American Naturalist 78:959–972.

McGlaughlin, M. E., L. Riley, K. Helenurm, and L. E. Wallace. 2018. Does Channel Island Acmispon (Fabaceae) form cohesive evolutionary groups? Western North American Naturalist 78:739–757.

McIver, W. R., H. R. Carter, A. L. Harvey, D. M. Mazurkiewicz, J. A. Howard, P. L. Martin, and J. W. Mason. 2018. Avian and skunk predation of Ashy Storm-Petrels at Santa Cruz Island, California,. Western North American Naturalist 78:421–440.

Merrill, K. C., C. L. Boser, C. Hanna, D. A. Holway, I. Naughton, D.-H. Choe, and E. E. W. Rankin. 2018. Argentine Ant (Linepithema humile, Mayr) Eradication Efforts on San Clemente Island, California, USA. Western North American Naturalist 78:829–836.

Miller, M., C. Steele, D. Horn, and C. Hanna. 2018. Marine debris trends: 30 years of change on Ventura County and Channel Island beaches,. Western North American Naturalist 78:328–340.

Morrison, S. A., T. S. Sillett, W. C. Funk, C. K. Ghalambor, and T. C. Rick. 2018. California Island Rediscovery: Building an Archive to Improve Conservation Today and Equip the Historical Ecologist of Tomorrow. Western North American Naturalist 78:837–851.

Muhs, D. R. 2018. T.D.A. Cockerell (1866–1948) of the University of Colorado: his contributions to the natural history of the California islands and establishment of Channel Islands National Monument. Western North American Naturalist 78:247–270.

Muhs, D. R., and L. T. Groves. 2018. Little Islands Recording Global Events: Late Quaternary Sea Level History and Paleozoogeography of Santa Barbara and Anacapa Islands, Channel Islands National Park, California. Western North American Naturalist 78:540–589.

Pondella, D. J. I., M. J. Robart, J. T. Claisse, J. P. Williams, C. M. Williams, A. J. Zellmer, and S. E. Piacenza. 2018. Spatial and temporal fishing patterns at the outer banks of the Southern California Bight. Western North American Naturalist 78:341–357.

Power, P. J., M. Denn, J. Wagner, and M. Martin. 2018. Vegetation Trends in a Restored Coastal Wetland at Prisoners Harbor, Santa Cruz Island, Channel Islands National Park. Western North American Naturalist 78:644–651.

Power, P., and R. Rudolph. 2018. Quantifying Surface Water on Santa Rosa Island, California, Following a Major Five-Year Drought. Western North American Naturalist 78:530–539.

Randall, J. M., K. McEachern, J. Knapp, P. Power, S. Junak, K. Gill, D. Knapp, and M. Guilliams. 2018. Informing Our Successors: What Botanical Information for Santa Cruz Island will Researchers and Conservation Managers in the Century Ahead Need the Most? Western North American Naturalist 78:888–901.

Rick, T. C., T. J. Braje, J. M. Erlandson, K. M. Gill, L. Kirn, and L. Mclaren-Dewey. 2018. Horizon Scanning: Survey and Research Priorities for Cultural, Historical, and Paleobiological Resources of Santa Cruz Island, California. Western North American Naturalist 78:852–863.

Riley, L., M. E. McGlaughlin, and K. Helenurm. 2018. Limited genetic variability in native buckwheats Eriogonum: Polygonaceae on San Clemente Island. Western North American Naturalist 78:722–738.

Salladay, R. A., and A. R. Ramirez. 2018. Reduced Defenses and Increased Herbivore Preference of Island Chaparral Shrubs Compared to Mainland Relatives. Western North American Naturalist 78:768–776.

Schumann, R. R., and J. S. Pigati. 2017. Late Quaternary Fluvial History of Santa Cruz Island, California, USA. Western North American Naturalist 78:511–529.

Schwemm, C. A., C. A. Drost, J. L. Orrock, T. J. Coonan, and T. R. Stanley. 2018. Comparison of estimators for monitoring long-term population trends in deer mice, Peromyscus maniculatus, on the California Channel Islands. Western North American Naturalist 78:496–509.

Sidhu, C. S., and E. E. W. Rankin. 2018. Distribution and Characterization of Wild Bee Nesting Sites on San Clemente Island, California Channel Islands. Western North American Naturalist 78:811–819.

Simberloff, D., B. Keitt, D. Will, N. Holmes, E. Pickett, and P. Genovesi. 2018. Yes we can! Exciting progress and prospects for controlling invasives on islands and beyond. Western North American Naturalist 78:942–958.

Summers, R., J. Masukawa, and B. D. Hartman. 2018. The Influence of Slope on Vegetation Recovery Following Nonnative Grazer Removal on Santa Rosa Island, California. Western North American Naturalist 78:787–798.

Vanderplank, S., J. Rebman, and E. Ezcurra. 2018. Revised and Updated Vascular Plant Checklists for the Baja California Northern Pacific Islands. Western North American Naturalist 78:674–698.

Whitworth, D. L., and H. R. Carter. 2018. Scripps’s Murrelet at San Miguel Island, California: status of a small population at the northwest limit of the breeding range. Western North American Naturalist 78:441–456.

Whitworth, D. L., H. R. Carter, M. W. Parker, F. Gress, and M. Booker. 2018. Long-term monitoring of Scripps’s Murrelet and Guadalupe Murrelet at San Clemente Island, California: evaluation of baseline data in 2012–2016. Western North American Naturalist 78:457–473.

Williams, I., A. Huston, M. Hill, R. Danno, R. McCluskey, M. Maki, and B. Ehorn. 2017. The Administrative History of San Miguel Island: the National Park Service on San Miguel from 1963 to 2016. Western North American Naturalist 78:910–929.

Woolsey, J., C. Hanna, K. McEachern, S. Anderson, B. D. Hartman, and B. D. Hartman. 2018. Regeneration and Expansion of Quercus tomentella (Island Oak) Groves on Santa Rosa Island. Western North American Naturalist 78:758–767.

Yelenik, S. G. 2018. Long-Term Impacts of Exotic Grazer Removal on Native Shrub Recovery, Santa Cruz Island, California. Western North American Naturalist 78:777–786.